World War I
U.S.A and the First World War

Though the United States did not join the war directly until 1917, we were in the war from the very beginning. Because the U.S was friends with England and France, we supplied weapons and ammo to those countries from the beginning. When we began fighting in the war in 1917, the reasons were clouded.

Many people have wondered why our nation even got involved in WW1. Looking from an economic point, the reasoning would be because the United States had invested so much money in the Allies. If they had lost the war, America’s economy would crash. England and France were using U.S loans to get supplies and men needed for the war. From a political point, the reasoning is that America simply wanted to show that we were powerful. Another reason for United States entering the war was from a personal problem with Germany. When the British had a transport ship coming from New York in the spring of 1917, the German submarine warfare took down the ship. Many people believe this is one of the greatest reasons for America joining the war.

America joining the war made a huge impact on World War One. When the U.S started sending thousands of troops over to Europe, it became aware to the Central powers that they couldn’t win. There were simply not enough troops to over-power the Americans. When America entered the war, Italy also switched sides. Italy could tell that Germany was not going to win. By switching sides, Germany lost its last supply country.


Back then, women were known for working in their homes and raising the children. Women were normally judged by their appearance, not by how hard they worked. When the men were sent or drafted to the war, the women had taken their place.“There has been a sudden influx of women into such unusual occupations as bank clerks, ticket sellers, elevator operator, chauffeur, street car conductor, railroad trackwalker, section hand, locomotive wiper and oiler, locomotive dispatcher, block operator, draw bridge attendant, and employment in machine shops, steel mills, powder and ammunition factories, airplane works, boot blacking and farming.” These are the types of jobs the women did while the men were at war.
        The war itself had created more jobs, because many women who were working outside of their homes were not able to take care of their house work and children. The job of house work opened up since so many women were working outside of home. Between 1917-1918, more and more men were being drafted to go to war so there was a high demand for women workers.
        “Organizations such as the Red Cross, Patriotic League, and YWCA also made efforts in supporting wartime hardships that the nation might face.  The Red Cross organized non-professional women to aid in relief work.  To help the war effort, many women joined the Red Cross as nurses. While they were in the Red Cross, they rolled bandages, knitted socks, and worked in military hospitals.  Most of the women were wives and mothers of soldiers of all classes.  The Red Cross war council also created a women’s bureau, which appointed a national advisory committee of women that made an effort to recruit every available woman in the campaign to make adequate funds and supplies.  Women in the Red Cross were also helpful in recruiting men who had not joined the war.  One method was by showing a man in civilian clothes with white feathers as a mark of cowardice.  Another method was by making women speak at public meetings, encouraging others to have nothing to do with men who had not joined the war.  Women also went over seas as members of the Voluntary Aid Detachment of the Red Cross.  Volunteering brought them out of the house and into the public.  Women had no trouble filling the gaps left by men who went to war.  The Red Cross continued to encourage many women to join the Red Cross by saying “It’s the patriotic duty of every man, woman, and child to join the Red Cross.  Why wait to be asked?  Be a volunteer.”[8]” This passage talks more about the jobs women had done during WW1.
        Women were effected by the war because they were not allowed to work in public, and they spent hardly anytime raising and being with their children.

       Women were effected greatly, but the children had been as well. Their moms were always out working, so they weren’t raised properly and they had little quality time with their parents. If their dads died in the war, they would no longer get the chance to be taught the qualities that a man could teach. In most instances, the child would hardly know their dad because he was always working or fighting in the war. If the child were to get their dad back from the war, things would be different because the dad could be traumatized. Men would be sent to war and, if they had not done so, then the women were told to ignore the men for not fighting in WW1. In 1918, there had been a food shortage so children would be eating things that they wouldn’t normally have.

Effects of World War One

Like all things we do, the War did have it’s effects on people, government and society. Economics, public opinions and politics changed. Countries adopted more liberal forms of government and socialistic ideas spread out from Germany, Austria-Hungary, Britain and France. Before the war began, Europe had a total of thirteen monarchies and three republics. After the war ended, There were thirteen monarchies, fourteen republics and two regencies. A regency is a person or group selected to govern in place of a monarch or if the other ruler is absent, disabled or still in minority. Europe went through many changes post-war, and one of them was the reforming of different governments.

Germany was forced to pay for a large amount of the war reparations. Europe owed as much ten billion dollars to its allies. Europe began printing mass amounts of money in order to pay off the debt, which led to inflation. Middle class members went through a bad financial period due to the inflation. Due to the inflation and brutal warfare, the people of Europe, who once had optimistic views on life, turned pessimisitc. Though the war only lasted four years, may people were effected by it.

Technologies also advanced because of the war. Among the technologies that were either new or improved were cars, airplanes, radios and chemicals. More machines were developed to perform human tasks cutting dow the work day to eight hours, stimulating the US economy. Employment and wages increased and industry boomed, bringing in large amounts of profit. The United States came out of the war as a powerful nation with a booming economy. Due to the booming economy, the United States put herself into the postion of world leader and president Wilson wanted to involve the United States in world affairs through the League of Nations, but couldn’t gain enough support.

Some countries struggled as a result of World War One, but the United States thrived, and found herself with a lot of worldly influence. Many changes are brought about by war, including overthrown governments, economics and developing technologies.


How did propaganda effect the war?

Propaganda in the United States effected the war by increasing the size of America’s army. There were posters and advertisements for the war everywhere. They’d use the power of “Band Wagons” to convince young men to join. Band wagons could be considered when the posters would use peer pressure, such as “do it because your friend is doing it”, to influence the men.


The ulitmate cause of World War One was Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s of Austria-Hungary assassination. This angered Austria-Hungary, so they gave Serbia an ultimatum. The ultimatum demanded that the assassins be brought to justice. In doing so, Austria-Hungary thought that the ultimatum would be rejected by Serbia giving them cause to go to war. Serbia did reject, and went to war with Austria-Hungary.

Serbia allied with Russia while France allied with Germany. Austria-Hungary also allied with Germany. Eventually Germany declared war on Russia and later on Austria-Hungary. In the meantime, Great Britain allied with France, but were not tightly bound to them. Britain also came to Belgium’s rescue after Germany invaded them. This caused Britain to enter the war. Germany also had a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare which threatened America’s commercial shipping. Feeling threatened, the United States was forced to enter the war in 1917.

Though there were many little things that caused World War One, Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s Assassination set things into motion.


Europe During World War One

During the first world war, Europe was split into the Central Powers and the Allies. The Allies consisted of France, Serbia and Russia, then England joined later and U.S.A joined WAY later. The Central Powers were Romania, Germany and Austria. Throughout the war, countries in Europe were occupied by the two fighting sides.